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Cavities, gingivitis and gum disease are all forms of dental diseases. Many people do not consider cavities a disease. We are taught at an early age to brush our teeth. We are told what it is important to brush to prevent cavities. Cavities are bad, you don?t want one of those! Yet, oral health is much more than fresh breath, clean teeth and preventing cavities. It involves the gums and their supporting tissues, the roof of your mouth, the lining of the mouth and throat, the tongue, the lips, the salivary glands, the chewing muscles, the nerves, and the bones of the upper and lower jaws. Recent research has shown the connection between chronic oral infections and diseases like diabetes, dementia, Alzheimers, heart, lung, and kidney disease, stroke, low birth weight or premature births.
In other words, oral health refers to the health of our mouth, which ultimately, supports and reflects the health of the entire body. Causes of Dental Disease The biggest one is poor oral hygiene, when plaque is allowed to sit on your tooth it decalcifies the enamel (the hard surface of the tooth) and weakens the surface and causes inflammation of the surrounding and supportive tissues. The bacteria, acid, food debris and saliva combine to form plaque, which sticks to the teeth. The acids in plaque dissolve the enamel surface of the teeth, creating holes in the teeth called cavities. Cavities permanently damage areas of the surface of your teeth, cavities can be treated and reversed if caught in an early stage.
However, once the bacteria have reached the inside layer of the tooth (known as dentin ) structure the cavity has progressed to a stage where it will need to be filled before it causes nerve damage. Once the nerve is damaged it will need a root Canal or it will need to be removed, depending on the severity of the damage.
Most people won?t feel it when you have cavities until it is close to the nerve of the tooth and has advanced to a later stage. When it ?hurts? it means the disease has advanced to a possibly un-savable state. An untreated cavity can lead to an infection in the tooth called a tooth abscess, an abscess may need a root canal or an extraction. Leaving you with another set of problems or costly replacement options. Dental disease is silent? a tooth can handle a lot of abuse before it breaks down. You don?t feel anything in the early stages because the enamel is the hardest structure in the body.
What you need to do is find out the problems of your teeth early, and choose a dental office with the portable dental x ray machine, which is very important for early teeth diagnosis.